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The Challenge of Slums — Global Report on Human Settlements 2003
The Challenge of Slums presents the first global assessment of slums, emphasizing their problems and prospects. It presents global estimates of the numbers of urban slum dwellers and examines the factors that underlie the formation of slums, as well as their social, spatial and economic characteristics and dynamics. It also evaluates the principal policy responses to the slum challenge of the last few decades. The report argues that the number of slum dwellers is growing and will continue to increase unless there is serious and concerted action by all relevant stakeholders. The report points the way forward and identifies the most promising approaches to achieving the Millennium Declaration target on improving the lives of slum dwellers.

GRHS 2003
Case studies
Buy Report
Press kit

Download full Report
(2449 KB)


Foreword, Introduction, etc.
(288 KB)

Part I. Sharpening the Global Development Agenda (611 KB)

Chapter 1. Development Context and the Millennium Agenda: revised and updated version, April 2010 (197 KB)

Chapter 2. Urbanization Trends and Forces Shaping Slums

Chapter 3. Cities and Slums within Globalizing Economies

Part II. Assessing Slums in the Development Context
(532 KB)

Chapter 4. Social Dimensions

Chapter 5. Territoriality and Spatial Forms

Chapter 6. Economic Dynamics

Part III: Searching for Adequate Policy Responses and Actions
(514 KB)

Chapter 7. New Policy Developments at the National and Global Levels

Chapter 8. Civil Society in Action

Chapter 9. Towards Inclusive Cities: Reconsidering Development Priorities

Epilogue: Looking Forward – Moving Ahead

Part IV. Summary of City Case Studies
(247 KB)

Part V. Statistical Annex
(408 KB)

References and Index
(209 KB)

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