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Integrated Water Sanitation and Waste Management in Kibera
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Kibera is situated 7 Km Southwest of the city of Nairobi, within the city boundaries. It is the second largest informal settlement in Africa. An estimate of total population in the settlement ranges from 500,000 to 700,000 inhabitants: densities of over 2000 people per ha, making it one of the most densely populated informal settlements in the city. The settlement is comprised of 10 villages: Lindi, Soweto (East and West), Makina, Kianda, Mashimoni, Gatuikira, Kisumu Ndogo, Laini Saba, Siranga.
Location: Nairobi, Kenya
- Water, Sanitation and Infrastructure
Partner: Government of Kenya, Athi Water Services Board
Donor: UN-HABITAT Water and Sanitation Trust Fund, Water for African Cities
- Water and Sanitation
Cost: USD 579,684

Background and objectives
The Kibera Integrated Water, Sanitation and Waste Management Project (WATSAN) - part of the Water for African City programme - supports low cost community based demonstrations in the Soweto village of Kibera slums. The project aims at contributing towards improving the livelihoods of the urban poor in Soweto East, by supporting small-scale community-based initiatives in water, sanitation and waste management. The project will contribute to the on-going Kenya Slum Upgrading Programme (KENSUP) which is a collaborative initiative between the Government of Kenya and UN-HABITAT.
The project had the following objectives:

  • Supporting improved accessibility to water, sanitation and credit facilities.
  • Supporting improvements to the drainage system.
  • Initiating small-scale door-to-door waste collection and recycling initiatives.
  • Enabling the Soweto East community to gain basic knowledge of computers and internet accessibility.
  • Popularising a non-motorised transport system (improved bicycle transport) for the improvement of livelihoods within the urban poor.
  • Establishing and strengthening governance frameworks to regulate distribution and accessibility to water and sanitation.
  • The project is also seeking to popularise a non-motorised transport system - The Kibera Bicycle Transport Project (KBTP) - as one of the components. The project is engaging local artisans in the design and fabrication of bicycle/tricycle trailer systems for multipurpose uses by the local community to improve on the transport needs.

The main activities included:

  • The construction a 2.5km low-volume upgraded road, 1.8 km storm water drains and improvement of two foot bridges, to enhance movement of people and goods within the greater Kibera area.
  • Sanitation improvement by constructing communal water and sanitation facilities (all-inone complexes with VIP latrines, shower cubicles and water booths) in strategic locations connecting them to piped water and providing for local storage.
  • This also includes small-scale door-to-door waste collection and recycling demonstrations.

The following results have been achieved:

  • Cooperation Agreement signed with Maji na Ufanisi (Water and Development) a local NGO for project implementation
  • Community mobilization according to zones in Soweto East completed
  • Physical identification of all the sites for the proposed infrastructure completed
  • Design work for all the proposed infrastructure and information education and communication materials completed
  • Prototype for the non-motorised transport system developed in Kibera using local artisans.
  • Upper container floor of the UN-HABITAT site offices cleared for partitioning to accommodate the ICT centre;
  • Construction of the infrastructure on course;

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