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Practice Details

 
Title of Practice: +Ciudad - Active Public Spaces for a Sustainable Community
Year: 2017
BPTag: Promising Practice
Reference Number: PER884-17
City / Town / Village: Lima
Region: Latin America and the Caribbean
Country: Peru
Has this practice been submitted previously? No
Previous Title:
Address: TELEPHONE:+51950203230
Name of Contact Person: Solangel Fernandez Huanqui
Email of Contact Person: solangel.fernandez@munisanisidro.gob.pe
Summary:
The Municipality of San Isidro is taking a human - centered approach to everyday urban problems, it proposes the recovery of public spaces for people, turning them into meeting points for citizen development. A sustainable approach that is based on community participation, protecting the environment and seeking for economic growth.




Measures at different scales and development time have been implemented, one day events for the short-term, tactical urbanism for the medium-term changes and integral development projects for the long term. The short-term initiatives consist on the realization of day events in strategically selected public spaces, seeking to activate them and inviting people to use them. Medium-term initiatives are the recovery of public spaces by tactical urbanism, installing parklets, increasing cycle lanes, implementing games for children in parks, implementing traffic calming zones and installing of mini gyms and benches along green areas. Long-term initiatives are integral infrastructure projects for the transformation of parking areas and subtilized and residual land into new public spaces for people.



Key Dates: Key Dates Significance Key Date 1: 12/31/2015 Creation of +Ciudad program Key Date 2: 08/04/2017 Architects Association of Peru (CAP) Special Award for promoting sustainable mobility Key Date 3: 02/24/2017 Approves the updated version of the program. Key Date 4: 06/17/2017 +CIUDAD: first place award at the UIM Awards - FLACMA Key Date 5: 08/07/2017 BPG Award: Named a good practice in public management at National Level
Norminating Organization Details
Name of Organization:
Contact Person:
Type of Organization: Local Authority

Partners:
There are no partners defined yet.

There are no categories defined yet.

Narrative:
Situation Before the Initiative Began:
Lima has passed through moments of violence caused by organised terrorism during the 1980s and 1990s, this has had a negative impact on the city public life as for many years, looking for security, people have overprotected their homes and live isolated from the outside, communities have fenced local streets to allow access to residents only and local governments have fenced public spaces to avoid crime.

Today, levels of insecurity have decreased considerably; however, in many cases, public spaces have remained largely as something to be contemplated rather than spaces for people to interact and recreate, citizens have lost the connection with the public space.

Lima Metropolitan government does not have an Urban Development Plan for the city and the existing policies are prioritizing private cars movement. As a result, public transportation is inefficient and centralized, the amount of cars has dramatically increased, taking space from pedestrians and invading the already tight public space available on the streets.

San Isidro is one of the 43 districts of Lima, its located in the central area of the city and hosts the financial center of Peru, almost every day about 1 million people visit the district for work or to carry out activities in local businesses, in addition to its 55,000 residents.

During the last 15 years, the district has reduced its population by almost 10 thousand inhabitants, being the most important financial center in the country, people to see San Isidro as a business and commercial area, putting its residential condition at risk of commercial expansion. Public spaces were considered insecure and unfriendly, lack of urban furniture and were affected by traffic congestion and parking needs.

The + Ciudad programme has the aim to reconnect people with the public space, during the first three years of implementation, by the activation of public spaces it has been possible to offer a better quality of life to neighbors and visitors of the district.
Establishment of Priorities:
The Municipality of San Isidro has prioritized three dimensions: environmental, social and economic. From this perspective, the priority of the +Ciudad program has been the recovery of public spaces, which were being dominated by the car, underutilized or in disuse.

Thus, San Isidro becomes the first district that, through the use of public space in favor of people, transforms the city to improve the relationship of its neighbors and visitors to achieve a more sustainable, supportive and humane city.
Formulation of Objectives And Strategies:
The objective of the + Ciudad programme is to reconnect people with the public space, inviting citizens to use the public space by transforming them into attractive places to be and discouraging the use of the private car by offering residents other mobility alternatives.

The strategies used are divided into three scales:
Short term: Daily Events, the development of cultural, health, environmental and family activities that promote the use of public space for all.
Medium term: Tactical Urbanism, urban furniture, removal of parking lots, parklets and interventions that invite people to use public spaces.
Long term: Integral urban transformations.
Mobilisation of Resources:
To achieve the objectives, the Municipality of San Isidro has unified the efforts of various municipal offices:
• Sustainability Management
• District Development Management
• Citizen Security and Disaster Risk Management
• Management of Information and Communication Technologies
• Human Development Management
• Urban Planning
• Culture
• Communications
• Community Participation
Efforts have been coordinated with various public entities such as the Presidency of the Council of Ministers, the Ministry of Culture, the Ministry of Health, the Peruvian Sports Institute, the Peruvian National Police; and other private entities such as: the business sector, with subsidies in works through social responsibility, the Food Trucks Association of Peru, the Neighborhood Boards of the five sectors of the district, 60 local merchants participating with natural products and organic Ecomarket , The Cultural Center PUCP, the programme Occupy Your Street; Educational institutions such as the Peruvian University of Applied Sciences, Toulouse Lautrec, the National Engineering University and the Pontifical Catholic University of Peru with the participation of students with the implementation of initiatives in the public space.
Process:
The fear that settled in people during the time of terrorism, the perception of citizen insecurity, the economic growth of the financial center, the increased number of vehicles that turned the streets into parking lots, the lack of urban planning policies at metropolitan level, have generated negative impacts on urban environmental quality. With all these conditions, the design of the streets offered greater capacity for motorized vehicular mobility and limited the pedestrian circulation, returning to public spaces in places of passive contemplation, which did not encourage its use or permanence.

The fear of staying in this kind of space forced people to isolate themselves in their homes and to avoid going out into the streets. The development and access to the technology contributed to generate a culture of isolation, through the virtual interaction. These behaviors did not allow the social interaction between neighbors, turning San Isidro into an unfriendly district, limiting the quality of life of the neighbors and visitors.

It is for this reason that, in 2015, the +CIUDAD program was born as an initiative for the transformation of the city, through the recovery of underutilized urban spaces or in disuse to generate the appropriation of public spaces by the people, increasing the awareness of citizen security, promoting the development of community life and promoting a sustainable and culturally creative city that provides local solutions to global problems.

After two years in which the program has been increasing its results, in 2017 a reformulation was made, so now it is presented with a more integral approach. It has cultural activities and has included activities related to health, sport, urbanity and local economy in the recovered spaces. The current program has mechanisms to articulate sustainability, active citizen participation, democracy, urban planning, protection of natural resources, eco-efficient technologies, gender equality, inclusion and social cohesion.
Results Achieved:
The first sustainability approach of the program is based on its status as a Mayor's Decree (MC), which guarantees that future mayoral efforts will continue with its execution. Its creation is produced by DC No. 026-2015-ALC / MSI, while DC No. 003-2017-ALC / MSI approves the current approach of the program and repeals the previous decree.
With more than two years of creation, the program has been growing since the incorporation of 7 organic units of the Municipality, which are carrying out actions in public spaces with different approaches and, in turn, complementary. Its integration has made it possible to reinforce the main message of municipal management: to give the city back to the people.
The second approach to sustainability refers to the complementary activities of the program, which seek to create a sustainable city that provides local solutions to global problems.

Within this vision, various eco-friendly and sustainable programs are implemented: sustainable ecological fair, parklets, cycle paths, use of bicycles and parking for them, temporary activations, pedestrian prioritization, public transport and reduced mobility.
As a long-term program, priority has been given to underutilized sites due to insecurity, environmental deterioration, road congestion, limited access to urban services and the monofunctionality of its public spaces (streets, parks and plazas); through physical interventions, events of social integration and activations of urban spaces.
Lessons Learned:
The integration of municipal actions strengthens and reiterates the main message of the policy of this edil management: to make San Isidro a more sustainable, more solidary and more humane district, with the recovery of public spaces that allows its appropriation by the citizens. The development of a municipal program under the responsibility of different areas allows improving the internal coordination and the edil performance.
The coordinated integration of the activities of the different managements and municipal offices in a common vision is fundamental to avoid the atomization of efforts and resources.
In a first version, on December 31, 2015, the +Ciudad program was approved by Decree No. 026-2015-ALC / MSI, under the sole responsibility of the Sustainability Management, which developed very limited events and interventions (sustainable mobility, Sunday fairs, installation of street furniture in parking areas and awareness campaigns). During 2016, actions were identified in other areas of the Municipality that had an impact on the same objective, which redefined the program and coordinated the incorporation of the Human Development Management, the Citizen Security Management and Risk Management Disaster Management, District Development Management, Information and Communication Technologies Management, Office of Culture and Office of Urban Planning, which together with the Sustainability Management are currently responsible for the implementation of the program. Thus, on February 24, 2017, the municipal program +Ciudad was approved, through Decree No. 003-2017-ALC / MSI.
Transfers:
To achieve the success of the +Ciudad program, it has been necessary to coordinate, organize and transfer knowledge and experiences from 7 different areas of the Municipality of San Isidro, as well as working together with other institutions of the State and private sector.
Among the key alliances with government agencies are: the Presidency of the Council of Ministers, the Ministry of Culture, the Ministry of Health, the Peruvian Sports Institute and the Peruvian National Police.
Within the key alliances with private organizations, are: the business sector with the grant in works through social responsibility, Food Trucks Association of Peru, Neighborhood Boards of the sectors of the district. 60 Producers of the Ecomarket, Centro Cultural PUCP, Occupy your street with the dissemination of initiatives, educational institutions such as the Peruvian University of Applied Sciences, Toulouse Lautrec and the National University of Engineering with the participation of students with the implementation of initiatives in space public.
Likewise, the identification of the people with the objectives of the program, their appropriation of the spaces and the feedback they provide contribute to the continuous improvement, obtaining better results.
Related Policies:
To achieve the success of the +Ciudad program, it has been necessary to coordinate, organize and transfer knowledge and experiences from 7 different areas of the Municipality of San Isidro, as well as working together with other institutions of the State and private sector.

Among the key alliances with government agencies are: the Presidency of the Council of Ministers, the Ministry of Culture, the Ministry of Health, the Peruvian Sports Institute and the Peruvian National Police.

Within the key alliances with private organizations, are: the business sector with the grant in works through social responsibility, Food Trucks Association of Peru, Neighborhood Boards of the sectors of the district. 60 Producers of the Ecomarket, Centro Cultural PUCP, Occupy your street with the dissemination of initiatives, educational institutions such as the Peruvian University of Applied Sciences, Toulouse Lautrec and the National University of Engineering with the participation of students with the implementation of initiatives in space public.

Likewise, the identification of the people with the objectives of the program, their appropriation of the spaces and the feedback they provide contribute to the continuous improvement, obtaining better results.




References:
No. Title Source Author Publication Title Volume Number Date Page Number
1 Ciclovía unirá Av. Arequipa y Córpac en 15 minutos Newspaper El Comercio Ciclovía unirá Av. Arequipa y Córpac en 15 minutos No number 20/04/2017 1 Edit
2 Convierten calle en primera vía segura para peatones y ciclistas Newspaper Publimetro Convierten calle en primera vía segura para peatones y ciclistas no number 20/12/2016 1 Edit
3 Entrevista a Manuel Velarde - Alcalde de San Isidro Magazine of architecture, design and construction Aldo Facho Dede Arkinka 251 October of 2016 62 and 63 Edit
4 Entrevista a Solangel Fernandez Magazine of architecture, design and construction Aldo Facho Dede Arkinka 251 October, 2016 64 and 65 Edit
5 Reflexiones finales Magazine of architecture, design and construction Aldo Facho Dede Arkinka 251 Octber, 2016 66 - 77 Edit
6 Manuel Velarde: El alcalde del Espacio Público Newspaper http://larepublica.pe/impresa/domingo/823402-manuel-velarde-el-alcalde-del-espacio-publico Oscar Miranda La República - sunday press edition - 20 Nov 2016 -

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