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Practice Details

 
Title of Practice: 2008-2012 DEVELOPMENT OF THE LOCAL STRATEGY TO FIGHT CLIMATE CHANGE (ELCC):Murcia
Year: 2010
BPTag: Best Practice
Reference Number: ESP127-10
City / Town / Village: Murcia
Region: Europe & Former Soviet Union States
Country: Spain
Has this practice been submitted previously? No
Previous Title:
Address: Name of the Organization: EXCMO. CITY OF MURCIA
Address: GLORIETA DE ESPAÑA, 1
Postal Code: 30004
City: MURCIA
Province: MURCIA
Country: SPAIN
Telephone number: +34 968 358600 extension: 3204
Fax number: +34 968 278990
E-mail address: medioambiente@ayto-murcia.es
Website: www.murcia.es/medio-ambiente

Name of Contact Person: Ms. Adela Martínez-Cachá Martínez,
Email of Contact Person:
Summary:

Since the Aalborg Letter was signed in 1998, the City of Murcia has been implementing various measures as a result of its sustainability policy.



The ELCC is responding to the need to adopt measures that reduce greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions applied by all of the nations.  It proposes a whole series of actions aimed at effectively reducing the GHG generated by urban activities so as to comply with the Kyoto objectives and to mitigate the effects of climate change.



The overall objective is to reduce the CO2 emissions generated in 2004 by 20% in the short term (2008-12 period).  This would mean reducing CO2 emissions to 0.24 Mt of CO2 in Murcia.



In compliance with the Covenant of Mayors, the goal is to attain the objective known as the triple 20:  reducing GHG emissions by 20% in 2020 by improving energy efficiency by 20% and increasing the use of renewable energies by 20%.



More than 48,000 tnCO2/year has already been saved with the 95 actions initiated (out of 115 proposals). Moreover, carrying out the ELCC has meant adopting a series of environmental changes that will be maintained over time, a greater push towards encouraging energy savings and energy efficiency in municipal development, the implementation and promotion of bicycle use, a commitment to sustainable mobility, the creation of long-term monitoring indicators for each one of the actions and more environmental awareness among the population, covering the highest number of possible social sectors, especially women, the elderly, school children and the immigrant population (registered foreign residents: 59,470 people).


Key Dates: • 18/10/07: Presentation of the ELCC to the Murcia society. • Feb/09: Joined the Covenant of Mayors in the European Parliament Chamber in Brussels • May/09: Presentation by the Mayor of the guidelines for the Sustainable Urban Mobility Plan “Plan Muévete” • 02/11/09: Presentation of the Bicycle Framework Plan to working groups and small town Mayors and the Presidents of District Boards. • Dec/09: Presentation of the Local Energy Plan and the Sustainable Energy Action Plan.
Norminating Organization Details
Name of Organization: Spanish Habitat Committee
Contact Person: José Luis Nicolás Rodrigo
Type of Organization:

Partners:
Name of OrganizationAddressContact PersonOrganisation TypeType of Support
AGENCIA LOCAL DE LA ENERGÍA DE MURCIA – ALEM (MURCIA LOCAL ENERGY AGENCY)Address: Plaza Robert Schuman, s/n
Postal Code: 30007
City: MURCIA
Province: MURCIA
Country: SPAIN
Telephone number: +34 968 200293
Fax number: +34 968 214242
E-mail address: alem@ayto-murcia.es
Website: www.energiamurcia.eu




Ms. Maria Cruz Ferreira CostaPrivate SectorFinancial Support, Technical Support, Administrative Support
EMPRESA MUNICIPAL DE AGUAS Y SANEAMIENTO DE MURCIA, S.A. (EMUASA), a mixed services company in which the City of Murcia holds a 51% interest. It manages the integrated water cycle in the municipality of Murcia.Address: PLAZA CIRCULAR, 9
Postal Code: 30008
City: MURCIA
Province: MURCIA
Country: SPAIN
Telephone number: + 34 968 278000
Fax number: +34 968 278016
E-mail address: aguas@emuasa.es
Website: www.emuasa.es

Mr. José AlbaladejoPrivate SectorFinancial Support, Technical Support, Administrative Support
Regional Ministry of Public Works and Land Use Planning– Autonomous Community of the Region of MurciaAddress: Plaza Santoña, 6
Postal Code: 30071
City: Murcia
Province: Murcia
Country: Spain
Telephone number: +34 968 362376/77
Fax number: +34 968 362395
E-mail address:
Website: www.carm.es




Ms. Carmen María Sandoval SánchezCentral GovernmentFinancial Support
El Garruchal Neighbourhood Association for Sustainable Development - ADESGAAddress: Camino de la Trinidad, 45 – Puerto de El Garruchal (Los Garres)
Postal Code: 30158
City: MURCIA
Province: MURCIA
Country: SPAIN
Telephone number: +34 659476797
Fax number:
E-mail address: adesga@adesga.org
Website: www.adesga.org

Mr. Jose Juan Sánchez TeruelNon-Governmental OrganisationTechnical Support

Category
Climate Change
Infrastructure, Communication, Transportation
Production and Consumption Patterns

Narrative:

13.1 SITUATION BEFORE THE INITIATIVE BEGAN

In 2007, the municipality consumed 1.52tep/year*inhab, generating approximately 3 Mt of CO2/year. 40%corresponded to the emissions generated by urban dynamics (urban mobility,waste, homes). There was a lack of infrastructures for the use of bicycles and there were no public transportation alternatives to the city bus (tramway).

13.2 ESTABLISHMENT OF PRIORITIES

The two major lines of work were promoting renewable energies and energy efficiency and introducing sustainable mobility guidelines in an attempt to get the highest possible percentage of the population and social agents involved in carrying them out. These priorities were established by the City government(led by the Mayor) as advised by ALEM.

Besides reducing energy consumption, the idea was to tackle the problem of mobility that was inherent to this municipality, which is administratively divided into 54 districts around a single main nucleus (the city of Murcia)where 42% of the population lives.

13.3 FORMULATION OF OBJECTIVES AND STRATEGIES

The measures are aimed at society as a whole. The objectives:

-To know, quantify and reduce GHG emissions.

-To expand plant surface areas (GHG drains).

-To provide incentives for the use of more energy efficient technologies.

-To mitigate the effects of climate change.

-To increase awareness among the population.

The Action Plan proposes 115 actions related to:

-Obtaining data on climate change

-Reducing GHG emissions in: the residential sector, industrial and commercial sector, municipal activities, waste, urban mobility.

-Measuresto minimize the effects of climate change (Increasing greenhouse gas drains,adapting to the greenhouse effect.)

-Citizen information/awareness.

13.4 MOBILISATION OF RESOURCES

The measures contemplated in the Action Plan are within municipal competence;however, many of them are undertaken with collaboration from citizens, other social agents and institutions:

Local cooperation:

-Agencia Local de laEnergía deMurcia-ALEM (Local EnergyAgency of Murcia),advisor and beneficiary of the ELCC implementation.

-Aguas de Murcia, S.A. undertakes some water cycle-related actions.

-Local NGOs (environmental or social in nature), citizen groups and associations were involved through citizens’ debate commissions in the various approved Plans.The NGOs also execute various measures that are subsidized by the City Council.

Regional cooperation:

-Regional Ministry of Public Works: provides financial support.

-Agenciade Gestión de laEnergía de laRegión deMurcia-ARGEM (Region ofMurcia Energy Management Agency): intervenes on mobility and energy projects.

European cooperation to finance ALEM; Covenant of Mayors; Financing for 5 European projects in the areas of energy and mobility.

Participation in several regional, national and European experience exchange networks: Red deMunicipios Sostenibles de laRegión deMurcia-REDMUR (Regionof Murcia Sustainable Municipalities Network); Red Española de Ciudades por elClima (Spanish Network ofCities for Climate); Red deGobiernos Locales+Biodiversidad 2010 (2010Local Governments+Biodiversity Network); Eurocities Network; CIVITAS Network; Plataforma Tecnológica Española delHidrógeno y de las Pilas de Combustible (SpanishHydrogen Technology and Fuel Cells Platform).

13.5 PROCESS

Once the ELCC was presented in October ‘07 to Murcia society, it was published on the municipal website and since then it has been open to suggestions and ideas from all citizens. It features a table with 115 actions, the municipal department involved, the time frame and the monitoring indicators adopted as many of them do not have a specific deadline meaning they will be sustained over time and periodically assessed.

http://www.murcia.es/medio%2Dambiente/medio-ambiente/cambio-climatico.asp

The constant information made available to citizens (through the website and press releases) and the call for participation by area/district representatives,neighbourhood representatives, the university, consumer associations,professional associations, business leaders, unions and ecological associations to propose new actions under the ELCC, along with the transparency of its management and access to all information, favour citizen-administration relations, thereby creating a climate of respect, ideas transfer,participation; and in short, social cohesion.

Several citizens' debate commissions have been held both during the ELCC preparation process and in parallel to its implementation with the writing of the Bicycle Framework Plan, the Sustainable Urban Mobility Plan-PMUS “Muévete” and the Local Energy Plan, analysing rough drafts, contributing to the diagnosis and writing the final documents as well as helping to design the corresponding action plan.

Giventhe territorial uniqueness of the municipality, suggestions from political representatives of the urban districts/nuclei, those received at the municipal website and those deriving from news in the press have been taken into account.

Local NGOs (by signing different agreements to manage municipal forest areas andmunicipal subsidies) as well as intellectually disabled people and the sociallyexcluded (through collaboration agreements with different associations forming a framework for drawing up contracts for worker training, which has a decisive role in the social-employment integration process and to adopt affirmative action measures related to equal opportunities and non-discrimination)participated in carrying out the ELCC.

We found some difficulties when implementing the ELCC with:

-inter-and intra-administrative coordination

-implementing some of the most important measures as they required changes in habits and behaviour and mobility guidelines that are not always very well-received.

-the high cost of some of the measures which may delay their complete implementation.

13.6 RESULTS ACHIEVED

The results of the 95 actions initiated are:

-88.7km of bike lanes built (the municipality will be served by a 545km network ofroads suitable for cycling); 2km of tramway built, 14 under construction and 30 planned.

-Replacement of traditional traffic lights with LED technology: reducing emissions by 6,142tnCO2/year

-More efficient lighting: saving 72 tnCO2/year

-Bio-diesel for public transportation 28tnCO2/year

-Production of electrical energy at the waste tip biogas plant: saving 15,509 tnCO2/year

-Subsidies to private citizens (31 to promote energy efficiency: saving 1,675: tnCO2/year;19 for solar thermal/photovoltaic installations in homes. saving 20,500 tnCO2/year).Budget: €150,000 /year

-48 municipal photovoltaic thermal solar installations + 25 bus shelters: Total installed power 1,8882 kw

-7municipal thermal solar installations: Total installed power 92MWH/year

-Category B municipal buildings 11tnCO2/year

-Car sharing service: 293 tnCO2/year

-3 municipal solar gardens (15 MW): will save 17,250 tonnes of CO2 a year

-10 energy audits of municipal buildings

-28,943(2008) + 10,603 (2009) trees planted which will help prevent 68,000 tnCO2/year.

-Pedestrianization of 250,000m2 and4 restricted traffic areas (267 streets).

-Greater energy efficiency in transportation and drinking water distribution (RegionalEnergy Award).

-New local laws on renewable energies and energy savings.

-Green contracts: implementation of environmental criteria (energy efficiency,environmental management systems, forest product quality and origins, etc.) in municipal contracts

-Agreements with NGOs to management municipal forest estates.

-Municipal personnel training on efficient driving and using bikes to get around the city.

13.7 SUSTAINABILITY

Financial: The measures implemented have already generated savings in municipal energy consumption and some of them have become a source of revenue for the City (i.e.municipal solar gardens; waste tip biogas plant) and others have generated savings in the consumption of fossil fuels (i.e. a plant that manufactures fuelfrom biogas from the Murcia-East sewage plant, the largest of the 14 in the municipality).

Social and Economic: The involvement of social agents in preparing/monitoring the plans adopted (EnergyForum, Mobility Form, Bicycle Forum), which were approved with broad social and institutional consensus.

They promote transportation means that are cheaper for citizens. Measures such as bicycle rental and the construction of bike lanes or signage on shared roads not only encourage healthy transportation but also help relieve the traffic in the city and are feasible to implement.

The ELCC is responsible for creating 458 jobs.

Cultural: The ELCC does not distinguish between races, sex…, although some actions take into consideration the cultural diversity that exists in the municipality (i.e.subsidies to immigrant groups for talks about renewable energy and energyefficiency).

The Vías Amables (Friendly Roads) project makes use of a network of existing lanes for cycling that runs along the Murciagardens,an eco-system of significant scenic, cultural, faunistic, botanical, etc.value, thereby integrating the rural and urban environment which is used as a sustainable tourism resource.

Environmental: The ELCC is responsible for saving energy and material resources, reducing the emission of GHGs, increasing CO2 drains, reducing the consumption of fossil fuels, promoting more sustainable transportation (tramway, bikes, bus), greater social awareness, etc.

Institutional: Suitable municipal ordinances have been created based on the ELCC as well as internal recommendations that affect other municipal departments (Urban Development,Contracts...).

13.8 LESSONS LEARNED

We have learned to:

-Encourage immense social participation when preparing local plans.

-Communicate proposals and decision making processes to the direct representatives of the citizens of the 54 districts.

-Actively participate in different networks (Eurocities; CIVITAS; Red de gobiernoslocales+Biodiversidad 2010, 2010 Local Governments+Biodiversity Network; Redde Ciudades por el Clima, SpanishNetwork of Cities for Climate; Rednacional de Ciudades por laBicicleta, National Cycling Cities Network; Redregional de Municipios Sostenibles-REDMUR, Region of Murcia Sustainable Municipalities Network)

-Include environmental criteria in both the development of different urban planning figures as well as in municipal projects/works/contract specifications (i.e.energy efficiency and resource savings criteria).

Thanks to the ELCC, the environmental awareness and information systems have improved in access to a greater percentage of the population. On the other hand, we have had the opportunity to participate in 5 projects with other European cities(see pg. 7).

Plus,we have been pioneers in some projects on a national level:

-Signing 3 agreements with NGOs to manage municipal forest estates (40ha) through actions to recover the traditional agricultural landscape, rural management of forest masses, reforestation and improved bushycoverage, monitoring/protection of wild fauna and dissemination of the environmental value of the area.

-Local urban hiking path SL-MU 10 "Camina10,000 pasos" (Walk10,000 Steps) to promote urban hiking.

-A 2-year agreement with the Association of Environmental Companies of theRegion of Murcia for an energy savings project in "green businesses".

- Vías Amables Project to establish and post signs indicating alternatives to the main roads in order to use bicycles,making use of garden lanes, secondary roads, etc.

To scale up the experience, some of the measures could be more widely extended and more budgets could be allocated to actions undertaken by social associations and groups leading to greater involvement by the population.

 

13.9 TRANSFERABILITY

In joining the Spanish Network of Cities for Climate in 2005, Murcia strengthened its commitment to sustainable development and climate protection that it had already been fostering in our municipality since 1995.

The Network (coordinated by the Spanish Federation of Municipalities andProvinces-FEMP) serves as a means of exchange of knowledge and experiences as well as a technical support tool for local governments in Spain.Its basic lines of action are urban mobility, building and planning, energy and waste management.

Thanks to this network, Murcia used two other cities that prepared their strategy as a reference to draw up its own in 2007 which meant adopting a series of measures incorporated into an Action Plan, the implementation of which is included in the ELCC, the current reference that guides municipal activities.

Likewise,our ELCC serves as a stimulus for other municipalities in the region of Murcia and even as a reference for other cities, mainly signatories to the Covenant of Mayors, which is a political commitment to defending the environment which includes the establishment of a work method.

Currently,Murcia is participating in the SURE project:Sustainable Urban Energy in the ENPI Region – towards the Covenant of Mayors, acooperation project under the framework of the European Union Neighbourhood policy (ENPI region), which is part of the CIUDAD (Cooperation in Urban Development andDialogue) programme, the objective of which is to promote the Covenant of Mayors.

Murcia,the only signatory to the Covenant, participates as a partner providing knowledge and experience to the other participants (Polotsk (Belorussia), Salé (Morocco) and Friedrichshafen (Germany)),and advises them on preparing Sustainable Energy Action Plans (SEAP), creatinga pilot installation and promoting these measures among the population.

Besides Murcia having joined the other networksmentioned above, its current Presidency of the European Mobility Forum(Eurocities Network) for 2009-11 is worth mentioning.  This is the largest network of European cities which was founded in 1986 to offer a platform to which 30 European countries belong so that their members may share knowledge and exchange experiences in order to analyse common problems and develop corporate solutions.

ALEMis part of the executive committee of the Association of Spanish Energy Management Agencies which periodically meets to exchange experiences and new proposals at National Assemblies and AGUAS DE MURCIA is included in the Spanish HydrogenTechnology and Fuel Cells Platform.


References:

Ø      Title of the article: Murcia sobre dos ruedas” (Murcia on Two Wheels)

Author: Ms. Mar F. Felices.

Title of the publication: The newspaper La Razón

Date: 16/01/2010

Page(s): 34,35

Ø      Title of the Article: “El nuevo modelo de transportes estará listo para verano” (The New Transportation Model to be Ready for Summer)

Author: Mr. Nacho Luna.

Title of the publication: The newspaper “El Faro”

Date: 13/01/2010

Page(s): 6,7

Ø      Title of the Article: “Custodia del Territorio en los Sitios Red Natura 2000”, “Conservación de especies agrícolas autóctonas” (Custody of the Territory in Natura 2000 Network Sites, Conservation of Native Agricultural Species)

Author: Spanish IUCN Committee and the Biodiversity Foundation.

Title of the publication: Cuenta Atrás 2010: Guía de Buenas Prácticas para detener la pérdida de biodiversidad (2010 Countdown: A Best Practices Guide to Halting the Loss of Biodiversity

Date: 2009

Page(s): 12, 39

Ø      Title of the Article: “Mobility”

Author: Vanessa Holve.

Title of the publication: Eurocities Flash (information service for Eurocities members)

Volume/edition: 84

Date: March 2009

Page(s): 8

Ø      Title of the Article: “The Covenant of Mayors and pro-EE”

Author: Andreass Kress.

Title of the publication: Europe Climail

Volume/edition: E 2009/1

Date: January 2009

Page(s): 8

Ø      Title of the Article: Autobuses urbanos alimentados con biodiésel (Biodiesel Fuelled City Buses)

Author: ARGEM (Region of Murcia Energy Management Agency)

Title of the publication: Ayudas para ahorrar energía – Boletín regional ARGEM informa (Aid to Save Energy - ARGEM Regional Informational Bulletin

Volume/edition: 32

Date: July 2008

Page(s): 8

Ø      Title of the Article: Experiencia de obtención y utilización de biogás en la EDAR de Rincón de Gallego (Murcia) (The Experience Obtaining and Using Biogas at the Rincón de Gallego (Murcia) Wastewater Treatment Plant)

Author: ARGEM (Region of Murcia Energy Management Agency)

Title of the publication: Semana Internacional de los Biocarburantes – Boletín regional ARGEM informa (International Biofuel Week - ARGEM Regional Informational Bulletin)

Volume/edition: 31

Date: May 2008

Page(s): 6

Ø      Title of the Article: “El Ayuntamiento propone 102 medidas hasta el 2012 para frenar el cambio climático” (The City Proposes 102 Measures until 2012 to Halt Climate Change) (today this number is 115)

Author: M.J. Montesinos

Title of the publication: The newspaper La Verdad

Date: 20/10/07

Page(s): 5

Ø      Title of the Article: “El Ayuntamiento se compromete a reducir en un 12% las emisiones de CO2 antes de fin de 2012” (The City Committed to Reducing CO2 Emissions by 12% Before End of 2012)

Author: Europa Press

Title of the publication: The newspaper “El Faro”

Date: 26/10/07

Page(s): 4

Ø      Title of the Article: “Iniciativas municipales en la lucha contra el Cambio Climático: Ayuntamiento de Murcia” (Municipal Initiatives to Fight Climate Change: City of Murcia)

Author: Ministry of the Environment

Title of the publication: Actuaciones Urbanas por el Clima (City Actions for the Climate)

Volume/edition: 5  (CD-ROM)

Date: 2006

Page(s): 107


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