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Water for Asian Cities - Nanjing
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Since its entry into the World Trade Organization (WTO) in 2001, China has made many significant reforms with at least 40 new laws and regulations to facilitate the flow of inward investment, private sector development and improved government efficiency. China has also made significant developments towards achieving the Millennium development goals. In the reform process, the government has a poverty reduction strategy (2001-2010) focused on the poorest of the poor.
Location: Nanjing, China
- Water, Sanitation and Infrastructure
Partner: City of Nanjing, Government of China – Ministry of Construction, Asian Development Bank
Donor: UN-HABITAT Water and Sanitation Trust Fund
- Water and Sanitation
Nanjing is a city with a long history and a rich culture. It is also an economically important city in the eastern part of China. It currently has a population of over six million, but the rate of urbanization is high. Since the 1980s, when many new urban construction projects were initiated, Nanjing has implemented several integrated projects to reduce water pollution. The city has received support from the governments of France and Spain to achieve these impressive results. The river beautification schemes have resulted in the city being honoured with a prize from the State Planning Commission.

Responsibility for water and sanitation in Nanjing rests with the Municipal Bureau of Public Utilities. The city currently uses 2 million m3/day water. The per capita consumption is high compared to other Chinese cities at approximately 400 l/cap/day. The city has some problems maintaining water quality due to the large volumes of wastewater produced, particularly where sewage and surface waters are combined. Future plans for the city include a major national sporting event in 2005. Investments in the water and sanitation sector are being given top priority and there are plans for private sector participation.

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