This initiative targets people who have settled along the banks of Juan Bobo stream in Medellin. In these settlements, 80% of the houses had structural and functional shortages, 35% were located in the riverbed restricted areas and 94% lacked legal tenure. Lack of legal tenure affected the supply of basic services where 50% of the water supply and 35% of power supply were held in illegal conditions, and 100% of the sewage was informal. 90% of the “Juan Bobo” stream contained waste water.
The initiative was started in 2004 by the Assistant Urban and Housing management of the EDU-Urban Development Company. They implemented an alternative model for onsite resettlement, housing consolidation, environment recovery and improving the living standards of the three hundred families that lived in the neighbourhood. The strategy involved changes in the public policies, and intra-institutional activities, incorporating a micro-territory for the development of the city. Initially, these people were marginalised, disorganised, lacked leadership and lived in demeaning conditions.
Thanks to the initiative, the families that live in the lower area of the “Juan Bobo” stream currently have water supply services, sewage and garbage collection, accessibility and public spaces with parks, squares, pathways, steps, vantage points and pedestrian bridges. They enjoy structural safety and stability, green zones and sanitation, and have deeds certifying their legal tenure of the houses. They have also built a family estate that allows them opportunities not only to access loans in the formal sector but also to generate rental income.
This is a good initiative in slum upgrading and urban planning and management. It meets the criteria of impact, partnership and sustainability.
(Link to full practice here )